Cultura de la donación de órganos desde la perspectiva de Madeleine Leininger Armenia-Quindío
Ruiz Valencia, Gloria Constanza | 2018-06-05
This research is based on the concept of organ donation taking into account that it is the removal of organs or tissues from the body of a person who has died recently or from a living donor for the purpose of performing a transplant; in 1933 the first transplant was performed, this is how we wanted to carry out an investigation that had as objective: to know the culture about organ and tissue donation in the population of Armenia-Quindío and which was decided to focus from a perspective of Madeleine Lehninger; The myths and beliefs were investigated, the experiences of the culture of organ and tissue donation were described and the donation behaviors were known, taking into account that it is important to have a baseline that allows knowing the main factors that determine the postures, acceptance or rejection of the population towards the donation of organs, tissues and fluids. Methodology: The inquiry was conducted from a qualitative perspective, micro ethnographic, analyzed a social fact and also valued the concepts and / or perceptions of people who in the future may be potential donors and manifested it; the information was obtained through an in-depth interview, which was done to people over 18 years of age, who wanted to voluntarily participate in the research and signed the informed consent. The interviews were analyzed in an inductive manner, with categorizations and triangulation. Results: A qualitative report was made, where it was found that in general there is a deficiency in the knowledge of this topic, which is why it is important to generate baselines to provide education in this regard.