Influencia De Un Programa De Ejercicio Físico Hídrico Para Mujeres Gestantes De La Facultad De Educación De La Universidad Del Quindío De La Ciudad De Armenia-Quindío
Chávez Rivera, Jeimy Tatiana | 2015-12-01
A woman´s gestational period generates constant changes at an anatomical (skeletal-muscular) and physiological level. As seen in the endocrine, respiratory, digestive, and cardiovascular systems. Nevertheless, a sedentary lifestyle is very present during this period in which the gestational woman obtains constant weight gain because of the gestational process. The general objective of the present study aims to determine the influence of a Hydro Physical Exercise Program on previously active or sedentary gestational women in the Faculty of Education at the University of Quindio.
After selecting the population of pregnant women in the Faculty of Education at the University of Quindio, the Hydro Physical Exercise Program is divided into 5 phases (Breathing, Lower Body, Core, Pelvic Floor and Upper Body), this was done in order to analyze the influence of each on women in gestational state. For the analysis of the study the following variables were taken into account: weight, heart rate, body mass index, waist circumference, and flexibility (Split and Spagat).
The study allowed for the design of a Program and a Hydro Physical Exercise Manual, validated and structured to be applied to women in a gestational state.
It was also found that pregnant women who perform the physical activity sessions, had better heart rates in relation to women in the control group. From which we can infer that the well-planned and supervised water exercises favor the cardiovascular system of women in gestation and helps to reduce any type of heart disease. Moreover, as the Water Program sessions advanced, it was found that it decreased heart rate and improved flexibility in each of the women who participated in the experimental group. This situation allows for good health and good physical condition in pregnant women, it also reduces pain associated to the gestational sate and lumbar type problems.
As for the weight gain of pregnant women, it was found to be lower in those who participated in the program. This weight gain corresponds to the weight gain of the pregnant women, affecting a smaller percentage of women, compared with pregnant women of the control group.
Finally, it was found that some people in the experimental group had difficulty recovering after a physical workout and that with time, as the program advanced, recovery improved considerably.